Beta-Caryophyllene - What is Beta-Caryophyllene? - Structural Isomer BCP
Beta-caryophyllene is, like alpha-caryophyllene, a structural isomer of the sesquiterpene caryophyllene. Structural isomers are isomeric substances that consist of the same type of atoms, and also consist of the same number of atoms. Nevertheless, the isomeric substances are not equal.
The difference is that beta-caryophyllene and alpha-caryophyllene have different arrangements of their atoms and differ in the way they are connected. They do have the similar molecular formula with 15 carbon atoms and 24 hydrogen atoms (C15H24), but each with a different structural chemical formula. The chemical properties and medicinal effects of the two substances are different as well.
Beta is indicated by the letter β
The word isomer originates from the Greek word isos, meaning equal, and from the word meros, which is translated to part. The prefixes alpha and beta originate from the letters of the Greek alphabet. Alpha is the first letter of the Greek alphabet and beta is the second letter. The word alphabet is a combination of the two words alpha and beta.
The capital letter of alpha is indicated with the letter A and the lower case letter is indicated with the symbol α. The capital letter of beta is the letter B and the lower case is a β, as shown in the spelling of the structural isomers α-caryophyllene and β-caryophyllene. The grave accent (slash) at the top of the e in bèta is often omitted.
Like the other letters of the Greek alphabet, the letter beta originates from the Phoenician and the Hebrew alphabet, in which letters are represented by a word beginning with the letter. The word alpha comes from alef, which means ox and beta is from beth, which stands for home. The words have no significance, but arise from the very first characters which at first consisted of small drawings.
Class of sesquiterpenes
Other names for beta-caryophyllene
- (-) - Trans-caryophyllene
- Trans- (1R, 9S) -8-Methylene-4,11,11-trimethylbicyclo [7.2.0] undec-4-ene
- BCP (abbreviation of Beta Caryophyllene)